Costitx local destination guide
Where to stay in Costitx
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Things to do and see in Costitx
VISIT THE ONE AND ONLY MALLORCA PLANETARIUM
Mallorca Planetarium and astrology observatory is situated just outside the village itself, at the highest point of the area. The planetarium is an interesting and very different attraction in Mallorca and especially in the agricultural region of Pla. At the planetarium, you can learn about our fascinating solar system through guided tours and interactive multimedia presentations. This is a great and interesting attraction.
DISCOVER THE SON CORRÓ PREHISTORIC TEMPLE
Now this is one of the most interesting places of interest in Costitx and the surrounding area. The reason why the prehistoric temple of Son Corró is unique, is because 3 bullheads made in bronze was found here by a local peasant. Back in ancient times, the bull was a religious animal that represented fertility and power, and was highly worshiped in tribes all over the Mediterranean region. These bullheads are now exhibited in the national museum of Spain in Madrid, which means they are truly a national treasure. You can enter the site for free just outside the village, it is not big but indeed fascinating.
THE PARISH CHURCH OF OUR LADY OF BIRTH
The parish church of Costitx can be admired from the outside as well as from the inside.As in many other small villages on the island, the church stands out among all other buildings in Costitx with its massive dimensions rising bell tower. Behind the church, you will find the rectory building featuring a nice collection of baroque paintings of the Virgin Mary.
CAPELLA DE LA MARE DE LA DEU
At a glance, this small chapel might not look as much, but it is truly a symbol and an important part of the local heritage of Costitx. Inside the little chapel, you can see a statue of Mary. Legend has it, that this particular statue was found in the late 1300’s by a group of choir boys, and was immediately framed in the chapel which became the first place of worshipping and religious ceremonies in the area post the Catalan conquest.
CASA ARNAU DE SANTACILLA
This building is unique in local eyes, because this was originally the first ever farm building in Costitx, and therefore has great cultural value to the locals. The name of the house, was given after local rector of same name lived here in during the late 1700’s. Arnau de Santacília, was the rector credited for the construction of the parish church and therefore a protagonist in the local story books.
Weekly market in Costitx
The weekly farmers and crafts market in Costitx is held on Saturdays at the Plaça del Jardí (church square). At the market you can browse the many stands selling fresh local produce such as colorful vegetables and fruits, nuts, meats and cheeses. There is also a selection of flowers, crafts, Mallorcan ceramics, shoes and leather goods. The market is a great opportunity to indulge in one of the most retained Spanish traditions, while at the same time enjoying a delightful atmosphere as these markets always boasts.
Annual fairs and festivities in Costitx
Festes de Sant Antoni
Sant Antoni is celebrated in most Mallorcan villages on January 16th. Sant Antoni is protector of animals and everything related to, which is why he is particularly worshiped in the more agricultural areas of the island. In the evening time, you can see the many bonfires in the village and enjoy the blessings.
Festes de Sant Sebastiàn
On January 20, Sant Sebastiàn is celebrated in the village. This happens with cosy bonfires and musical performances of classical and tradition Mallorcan.
Fira Costitx en flor
If you have interest in gardening, flowers, cultivation etc., then the annual flower fair in Costitx is a must. At the flower fair, you can discover exciting exhibitions, demonstrations, tools and a market. This is a great opportunity to purchase seeds and learn how to make your garden at home more Mediterranean.
Festes de la Mare de Déu de Costitx
The annual village celebration happens the first fortnight of September. The entire village is decorated in ribbons and various activities are carried out for children and adults. There will be sports, exhibitions, competitions, music, dancing and the traditional correfocs (fire runs) in the streets. This is a fun festivity for locals as well as tourists.
Costitx is one of the smaller municipalities of Mallorca, covering a surface of just 1,535 hectares of land. The population comprises about 1,300 inhabitants.
History of Costitx
The vestiges of human occupation in the area dates back from prehistoric times. Actually, Costitx is one of the areas in Mallorca with most archaeological sites per square kilometer. Most of these sites are scattered over the countryside surrounding the village, many of them on private ground. There is, however, one of them that stands out significantly, and is on public ground, the Santuari de Son Corró. This prehistoric temple was discovered by a farmer, who found it in the woods along with three bull heads of bronze. All of the archaeological excavation works done in the area has taught us a lot about the life on the island more than 4,000 years ago.
There is not much evidence of Roman occupation in this area, however, we know that the Romans cultivated cereals and vineyards, and that there is a chance that they have been here due to the soil.
What we know for sure, is that Costitx was inhabited during the Islamic dominance (902-1229/32). The area was part of a district known as “Juz’ de Quanarussa”, which also included Santa Eugènia, Santa Maria del Cami, Sencelles, Consell, Binissalem and Alaró. It was the Berber tribe known as “Zanata” that ruled this area. The Arabs were excellent farmers, and introduced advanced watering systems such as qanats, wells and water tanks, allowing them to cultivate the lands and keep livestock.
Post the Catalan conquest of Mallorca (1229-1232), the king distributed the lands of the island amongst participators and supporters of the campaign. The district of Quanarussa was given to the viscount of Bearn and renamed to “Canarrossa”. At that time, there was no village, just a farmhouse. This farmhouse was rented to Arnau de Santacilla, a priest from Catalonia, who was put in charge of constructing a chapel to mark the Christian dominance. This chapel was built between 1236 and 1238, and was the first in the area.
However, the ecclesiastical superiority fell in the hands of the neighboring area Sencelles, that was given the power to function as a parish.
During the 15th and 16th century, Mallorca faced two major conflicts, the “Revolta Forana” (Revolt of the Foreigners) and the rise of the “Germanies”. The Revolta Forana was a conflict that arose because of bad economy and high taxes put on small landowners and day workers (foreigners). The peasants felt neglected and without influence from the horsemen and nobles who owned the majority of the lands, and therefore wanted better conditions. They were met with disapproval and resistance, and then the conflict escalated and turned violent. The conflict ended in 1453 with a loss to the peasants.
70 years after the outburst of the first conflict, in 1520, the conflict arose once again. This time it was initiated by the artisans guilds instead of farmers, and was far more organized and the movement known as the “Germanies” had support from peasants from all of Mallorca including Costitx. Thousands of lives were lost in brutal battles all over the Mallorcan countryside between 1520 and 1522. The resistance was so powerful that the king of Aragón had to take action and send the royal army to Mallorca to end it all. Several thousand trained soldiers arrived in Port de Pollenca in November 1522, and a final battle was fought in the marshes of Sa Pobla.
Costitx was fortunate enough to not suffer much repercussions from the conflicts, however, we know that Sencelles was fined for damages caused.
In the 17th century, there was a constant tension between Costitx and Sencelles because of the parish. The growing congregation of Costitx wanted their own independent parish, they were tired of walking to Sencelles for religious services. Finally, in 1695 an ecclesiastical court voted in favor of Costitx becoming an independent parish, and the construction of a new church could begin. At that time the village has 121 houses.
During the 18th and 19 century, there was a great deal of turbulence in Spain which affected all areas. In 1715, the Spanish War of Succession lead to a centralized societal system in Spain giving very little or none influence to local areas. In 1812, the Constitution of Cadiz, or Spanish Constitution, led to the introduction of independent municipalities, which gave Costitx its first time as an independent municipality. Unfortunately, just two years later it was taken from them again.
Following the governmental changes of Trienio Liberal in 1820, Costitx once again became an independent municipality with its first mayor, Antoni Vallespir-Dalmau,
Already in 1823, Costitx had to say goodbye to its independence due to the rule of Ferdinand VII. In 1845, a petition was made to allow for Costitx to be independent from Sencelles, and finally on February the 4th, 1858, Queen Isabel II granted Costitx its long wanted independence.
The local political scene started to take form with different unions and parties appealing to the community of Costitx. However, following the Spanish Civil War, Franco did not allow any political parties or unions anywhere in Spain, thus we have to fast forward to 1979 to find the next democratically elected mayor of Costitx, Maria Antònia Munar Riutort.
As for income, Costitx has been depending on its agriculture for centuries. The dry and plain landscapes has been used for cultivating figs, cereals, carobs and almonds.
In the more recent years, Costitx has developed significantly in terms of infrastructure and leisure activities. It has been a declared goal of the town hall to make the area more appealing to tourists and settlers by improving the road network and installing facilities for sports and activities.
From Palma airport
The Pla de Mallorca region
Pla de Mallorca is a region consisting of municipalities located in the geographical centre of Mallorca. Pla de Mallorca has gotten its name from the plain flat countryside that dominates most of the local areas in the region, only with exception of a few. When you travel in the Pla region, you will notice that tourism is far from the main source of income in strong contrast to the many coastal areas of the island. Out here, agriculture and production are the main sources of income and occupies most people.
What makes Pla de Mallorca an interesting region to travel in, is the authenticity and charm that dominates these rural districts. Moreover, traveling around in the Pla region is really easy due to the great infrastructure, broad roads, low traffic load and flat landscape.
Algaida is to many people the manifestation of the Mallorcan soul and cultural heritage. The town carries a rich and long history going all the way back to the Catalan conquest of Mallorca, stunning nature and an indulging kitchen. Algaida is a great place to spend your rural holiday on Mallorca, because of the unique location just 20 minutes from Palma. Accommodation in Algaida is just as unique; do yourself a favor and try a few days at the epic sanctuary of Cura and enjoy the most amazing views overlooking the bay of Palma and the stunning countryside.
Ariany is a small and sleepy village in the north-eastern area of the es Pla region. Ariany is beautifully situated on top of a hill allowing for stunning views overlooking the rural countryside up here. Selecting Ariany as your holiday destination in the rural Mallorca, means complete solitude and tranquility. There is almost no noise in this area, no car traffic and no stress.
Ca’n Picafort is a highly popular holiday resort located in the bay of Alcúdia, with its roots in the rural village of Santa Margalida. Yes, Ca’n Picafort is a mass-tourism holiday destination, especially during high season in the summer, but offers splendid accommodation all year round, especially the many villas and fincas situated in the back of the area are very popular during the winter season due to the rise of cycle tourism in this period.
Lloret de Vistalegre
Explore rich agricultural heritage of the es Pla region, Mediterranean wildlife and vegetation, while relaxing and enjoying in the charming village life of Lloret. Accommodation offers in Lloret consists of charming fincas and villas situated in the surrounding countryside around the village itself. There are also a few holiday rentals and flats inside the village, if you really want to get close to the local community and the soul of Lloret.
Llubí is known as the “honey town” of Mallorca, due to its rich traditions within beekeeping and honey production. In Llubí, you can enjoy real silence, an undisturbed and unspoiled agricultural area that has not yet seen much impact from tourism. Llubí only have one single boutique hotel in the village itself, meaning that most accommodation here is fincas and villas in the rural areas surrounding the town. You should choose Llubí as your rural holiday destination, if you are going self-catered and want to enjoy the tranquillity and central location of this base.
Maria de la Salut
Historic old fincas and agritourism is what can you expect to find in Maria de la Salut, an old and wealthy area in the northern part of es Pla. Located in the northern areas of Mallorca, Maria de la Salut makes a perfect rural holiday destination if you want to combine the windless countryside with fresh sea breezes found in the bay of Alcúdia running not far from here. Recommended accommodation in Maria de la Salut, includes the historic olive farm and agritourismo of Roqueta and the rebuilt finca hotel of Finca Son i Roig named after one of the children of the village.
Medieval village located at the summit of a mountain here in the middle of everything. Montuïri offers a wealth of stunning natural spaces to explore. Moreover, Montuïri is home to the emblematic prehistoric settlement of Son Fornés. Your rural holiday in Montuïri can be in a finca situated in solitude, or in the amazing SPA & Wellness hotel of Can Manera. Whatever choice triggers you the most, you are sure to meet the real soul of Mallorca here in Montuïiri.
Muro is mostly known for its popular summer holiday destination of Playa de Muro, but the main town holds a great treasure of local cultural heritage and charming village life. Muro is located in the northern part of the es Pla region, allowing for easy access to the coastline in the Alcúdia bay, as well as the many great roads for road cycling. Accommodation offers in Muro includes some amazing and very charming rebuilt fincas and finca hotels, offering every facility and amenity to complete the perfect rural holiday in Muro.
One of the most pastoral and charming little villages in the rural heart of Mallorca. The village breaks record of how many religious buildings a village of this size can hold, nevertheless, it offers a great selection of places of interest to explore, as well as ambient bars and restaurants. Choosing accommodation for your rural holiday in Petra, typically includes a charming finca or agroturismo in the local area, especially the latter is highly recommended trying here. Another choice is the cosy and charming small boutique hotel situated in the very heart of Petra.
Playa de Muro
Playa de Muro is the perfect holiday destination in the north of Mallorca if you are looking for stunning beaches and a versatile local area. Playa de Muro offers a wealth of fantastic accommodation options, thus more than 500 local restaurants and bars. You probably won’t associate Playa de Muro with a typical Mallorcan rural holiday, and during high season it probably isn’t either, but that the charm of this huge area, it is indeed versatile. During autumn, winter and spring, Playa de Muro is packed with active tourists enjoying the combination of beach and rural countryside.
Porreres is located in the southern area of es Pla, a wonderful small village with a rich cultural heritage to explore and indulge in. When it comes to accommodation in Porreres, it is highly recommended to go for one of the agroturismos in the local area, producing fincas equipped with all modern facilities and amenities to complete your perfect rural holiday on Mallorca. The village of Porreres is quite interesting too, a bunch of new and interesting restaurants has seen the light here in the middle of the traditional urban core, giving you even more dining options to choose from.
Sant Joan is the core essence of Mallorcan agriculture, located in the heart of the island. The area is so agricultural, that each year an entire fair dedicated to agritourism is held here in the town. Choose Sant Joan as your rural holiday destination, if you are attracted to silence and solitude, because that is what you will find here among the many interesting places of interest and fields of almond trees covering the surface. Moreover, Sant Joan enjoys a central location in the Pla region, allowing for easy access to most other small villages in the region.
Santa Eugénia exemplifies an agricultural rural escape, yet keeps its touch to bigger urban areas. Santa Eugènia is located in scenic nature, with great views and surrounding by a varied natural environment. Santa Eugenia enjoys a unique location just a 10 minute drive from Palma, yet not a sound of a car is to be heard out here. Choose Santa Eugenia for your rural holiday, if you want luxury and access. Especially golfers rents fincas and villas in Santa Eugènia because of the many golf courses close by.
Sencelles is located in the heart of es Pla and exemplifies what es Pla is, an agricultural community developed throughout thousands of years. Sencelles consist of the town itself, with three other small hamlets located in the nearby area. Accommodation offers in Sencelles are petit finca hotels in the rural countryside and holiday villas for rent. You will find everything you need for your rural Mallorcan holiday in Sencelles thus a wonderful central location.
Sineu was home to the first jurisdiction of the rural areas on Mallorca, thus home the king’s summer palace. Sineu is by locals not only seen as the heart of Mallorca, but as the heart of the world. Sineu is very popular among tourists on Wednesdays when one of the biggest markets on Mallorca is held in the town. Accommodation offers in Sineu includes some of the most charming rustic fincas in the local area equipped with everything you need to complete the perfect rural holiday here.
Vilafranca de Bonany
Known as the “melon town” of Mallorca, no doubt you are in for a tasteful experience when visiting Vilafranca de Bonany here in the centre of Mallorca. Accommodation offers in Vilafranca de Bonany mainly consist of rebuilt fincas and villas in the surrounding countryside, offering true tranquillity and solitude to the self-catered rural holidaymaker.