History of Monestir La Real
La Real was one of the many monasteries that were founded following the Aragonese-Catalan conquest of the island, in 1229. King Jaume I, whom was the protagonist of the conquest, had promised the abbot of Poblet (Catalonia) to grant the Cistercians order some property once the island had been conquered.
At the time during the conquest of Mallorca, the Aragonese-Catalan soldiers were camped in this place, from where they launched attacks on the city, at that time Madina Mayurqua.
Jaume put his uncle, Count Nunó Sanç, in charge of the matter which he fulfilled in 1239, when the La Real monastery along with other assets were transferred to the religious order. The Cistercians received a bull in which their properties, assets and privileges were documented. The order was granted the area of Esporles which is documented from 1236 as Santa Maria de la Font de Deú, as well as other properties on the island.
One of the other noteworthy properties granted the Cistercians was the property of Miramar in Valldemossa. In 1276, the king allowed an exchange per request of famous philosopher Ramon Llull, who asked to create a language school to teach friars oriental languages so that they could help converting heathens. However, the school was short-lived and Miramar returned to the Cistercian order in the beginning of the 14th century.
Ramon Llull was a frequent guest at La Real for about 9 years, he was offered the possibility to retire at the library and cultivate his spiritual life. Llull went to the holy mountain of Randa where he received his divine revelation which gave him inspiration for writing the first book ever written in Catalan language about the mistakes that unbelievers made. He wrote the book in the La Real monastery.
Llull and the Cistercians did not as such have any influence on each other, however, Llull mentioned the order in his will leaving a chest of books for the friars.
The monastery of La Real would be child of the Conca de Barberà monastery, under which it would belong and be under management of. This constellation was active up until 1560 when it was decided that La Real should function and be managed independently. It would seem as if the La Real monastery was taken in use in 1240 according to documentation found on the property.
La Real was built in one of the most privileged locations in an area furrowed by canals of natural springs, like Font d’en Baster and Font de la Vila, which became the most important reasons for its construction. The abbots of La Real enjoyed many privileges and played an important role in the ecclesiastical and political administration of the island all the way up till the beginning of the 18th century when King Felipe permanently changed the societal structure of Spain with the “Nova Planta”.
The monastic life of La Real continued until 1835 when the Cistercians were expelled as a consequence of prime minister Juan Mendizabal’s great ecclesiastical confiscation of monastic properties. The confiscation came as a direct consequence of the First Carlist War in Spain when carlists (supporters of King Carlos who believed that a monarch should always be male) went rioting against the inauguration of Queen Isabella. The war had major economical costs, and to pay for these Mendizabal confiscated monastic lands that weren’t being fully used and auctioned them to private investors who could start a production and hire labor. The ecclesiastical confiscation served three main purposes; to raise funds, to create a middle class and set an example that religion and religious orders were no longer powerful and influential institutions in Spain.
Later, in 1897, founder of the order of the Sacred Hearts and bishop of Mallorca, Joaquim Rosselló i Ferrà, moved into La Real where he lived until his death on December 20th, 1909. The bishop created the Balearic Library which is still here today.
Get directions to Monestir La Real in Palma
Palma is the capital of Mallorca and seat of the Balearic government. Palma was founded during the occupation of the Roman empire, about 123 BC, and later developed by the Moors and Catalans. Palma has several times been awarded best place in the world to live; it is a city of great diversity, cultural heritage and commercial activity, making it an attractive city to a broad audience. Palma is one of the best places in Spain to go shopping, all the new arrivals from other Mediterranean capitals arrive here before other places in the world, plus, there are hundreds of local specialty boutiques.
The rich history of Palma has left an incredible amount of landmarks and points of interest to discover i.e. the Arabian baths, the cathedral, the Bellver castle, the Almudaina palace etc., as well as hundreds of other unique constructions perfect for sightseeing in the city.
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Mallorca's Top sightseeing attractions
Palma cathedral La Seu is an amazing sight, both from the inside and outside. Palma cathedral is one of the biggest in Europe, and great artists like Gaudi have worked on the amazing temple. There are guided tours and you can even visit the rooftop terraces offering magical views.
The Antique Train
The antique train is a great attraction for young and adults. The ride takes you through some of the most beautiful areas of the Tramuntana, passing through orange plantations, olive groves and green valleys. The authentic feeling of the old marhogany cars bumping along the rails completes the experience.
Castell de Bellver
Castell de Bellver is a unique castle, due to its round shape and splendid location on a hilltop above Palma's bay. Much of Mallorca's most dramatic times are linked to the Bellver castle, and you will also find Palma's historical museum here. It's a great attraction for all ages.
Cuevas del Drach
Cuevas del Drach (Dragon Caves) is a great attraction to visit for all ages. Inside the stalagmite and stalactite caves in Porto Cristo, you will meet a true wonder of nature, along with the biggest underground lake in Europe on which an orchester will play a beautiful live concert on before you can enjoy a short ride.
Santuari de Lluc
Santuari de Lluc is a monastery situated deep in the highest areas of the Tramuntana, in divine natural surroundings. Lluc is a great attraction for everyone, you can discover the ethnological museum, enjoy a concert by the famous child choir, visit the botanical gardens and see the holy Madonna.
A visit to the ethnological museum of La Granja in the mountain village of Esporles takes you on an interesting journey back in time to discover how life in mallorca was for the wealthy landowners and their servants. La Granja is a museum suitable for all ages, there is plenty to see and do here for young and adults.
Sa Dragonera is an island and protected nature reserve just off the coast of Sant Elm, Andratx. Sa Dragonera is home to indigenious lizards that are very human-friendly, and has become a trademark of Mallorca. About on the beautiful island, you can walk along multiple trails to some of the most amazing vantage points and find ancient watchtowers from the time of pirates.
The royal Almudaina Palace is closely linked to multiple epochs in the history of Mallorca. The ancient palace was built as the seat for the Moorish governor back in the 10th century, and was the first building in the city of Palma as we know it today. Inside you will discover an impressive collection of ancient artifacts and artworks, along with the authentic surroundings of the palace that is now used by the royalties of Spain when visiting the island.